Feb 1, 2011

Today in History Feb 1st

This Day in History, February 1
On February 1st, 1893, Thomas A. Edison finishes construction of the first motion picture studio (West Orange, New Jersey).

Other Notable Events, February 1

In 1790, the U.S. Supreme Court convened in New York City for its first session.

In 1861, Texas seceded from the United States.

In 1865, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln signed the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which abolished slavery.

In 1896, Giacomo Puccini's opera "La Boheme" premiered in Turin, Italy.

In 1946, Norwegian Trygve Lie of Norway was selected to be the first U.N. Secretary-general.

In 1968, the communist Viet Cong began a major offensive of the Vietnam War with a fierce attack on the South Vietnamese city of Hue.

In 1979, Ayatollah Khomeini, symbol of the Iranian revolution, returned to his homeland.

In 1991, South African President F.W. De Klerk announced that he would seek repeal of key laws on which the apartheid system was based.

Also in 1991, at least 1,200 people were killed in an earthquake that struck Afghanistan and Pakistan.

And in 1991, 34 people were killed and 24 more injured when a USAir jet hit a SkyWest plane on a runway at Los Angeles International Airport.

In 2001, former U.S. President Bill Clinton said he and his wife would return $86,000 in gifts they received in 2000 but would keep $104,000 worth of others they received prior to 2000.

In 2003, the space shuttle Columbia broke apart during its descent over the southwestern United States. All seven astronauts aboard were killed.

In 2004, suicide bombings targeting the two main Kurdish party headquarters in the northern Iraqi city of Irbil killed 100 people and injured many others.

Also in 2004, 251 people were trampled during the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca.

In 2004, during the Super Bowl halftime show, Justin Timberlake tore off part of Janet Jackson's costume, exposing her right breast and touching off strong criticism, a Federal Communications Commission investigation and a hefty fine for CBS. Timberlake apologized, blaming it on "a wardrobe malfunction."

In 2006, Ben Bernanke became the U.S. Federal Reserve chief, replacing Alan Greenspan, who held the position for 18 years.

In 2008, an estimated 100 people were killed and another 123 injured in suicide bombings by two women at a Baghdad pet market.

In 2009, rebels staged three artillery attacks on Sri Lanka, killing at least nine people as the last shelling hit a hospital ward for women and children.

Also in 2009, Iceland swore in its first female prime minister, Johanna Sigurdardottir.

In 2010, U.S. President Barack Obama proposed a $3.8 trillion budget for fiscal 2011 with a projected $1.6 trillion deficit.

Also in 2010, a female suicide bomber detonated explosives in the middle of a Shiite pilgrim procession in Baghdad, killing 41 people and wounding more than 100 others. 

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